Specialists in biomolecules
Cultivation practices carried out in the crop fields to optimise production can cause damage in plants and their surroundings if performed in an inadequate manner. For example, the use of pesticides can cause phytotoxicity problems in the plants due to phytosanitary treatments.
On the other hand, due to poor water management, soil salinization is becoming one of the largest problems in the agricultural world. Saline stress causes toxicity problems in plants, which at the same time produces an osmotic effect which impedes the plant from absorbing the water and nutrients it needs.
The lack of an essential element is seen in different physiological and/or morphological symptoms, according to the specific case. Many times the so-called shortage stress is not due to the insufficient presence of a specific element in the soil, but rather because it is found in a form that the plant cannot absorb.
On the other hand, plants can suffer physiological damage due to the inappropriate use of agricultural tools and equipment. Pruning, damage to roots by cultivation work, etc.; when damage is produced in the plant, its severity does not depend so much on the damage itself, but rather on the risk of suffering an infection, as this damage can act as an entry pathway for pathogenic organisms.
Correct transplant performance is another important agricultural cultivation practice. The crucial factor which determines the development of the seedling in this first phase of cultivation is the proper start of its radicle development.